Computer-based Ship Identification
Tuesday 4th June 2013, 1400hrs–1530hrs
Chaired by Professor David Hardie
The Business Of Finding The Anomalous
Mr. Ami Daniel, Windward Ltd., Israel
The era of information has allowed us a new perspective of our oceans. We can now see further than ever before and observe details which until a few years ago were considered far from reach. Governments and other authorities nowadays have access to an unprecedented amount of data on ship positions through commercial AIS and SAR satellites.
But seeing is just the beginning. The true challenge lays in the understanding and pinpointing of the anomalous, the interesting, the relevant. With millions of ship reports worldwide on a daily basis, so rises the need for complex analytical technology to accurately analyze the huge quantities of information gathered and to effectively extract from it meaningful, reliable and actionable insights. Such analytical capabilities are nothing less than a paradigm shift – no more looking only at the ships you know are there, but rather monitor the entire world all the time, and automatically detect anomalous vessels.
We have designed and created an operational system that makes this possible.
Our system, MarInt, performs deep behavior analysis on each ship, and provides a "bottom line" risk assessment – "is this ship worth your time looking at it". By taking into account all data sources, searching for irregularities and discrepancies, and guided by a deep mistrust of active ship transmissions, MarInt is able to locate misbehaving vessels – and tells you where to wait for the felon you didn't even know about.
Maritime Situation Awareness Capabilities From Satellite And Terrestrial Sensor Systems
Mr Rob Dekker, TNO, Netherlands
Maritime situation awareness of navy or coastguard commanders lies at the basis of many operations such as border surveillance, counter piracy, traffic monitoring, and fisheries control. Maritime situation awareness is supported by the maritime recognised picture which is a combination of information from land, airborne, and satellite sensor systems. Extraction of the relevant information to support navy and coastguard operators, requires vast amounts of processing for vessel detection, classification, data fusion, persistent tracking, and behavioural analysis. These are all topics that the Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research TNO is actively working on in several national and international projects. In these projects TNO often develops new concepts and innovative solutions that go beyond the current state of art to improve mission effectiveness. This paper describes several of these solutions, of which some have the status of proof of concept, while others are ready for operational implementation. Examples are vessel detection algorithms based on multispectral image techniques in combination with background subtraction. Feature extraction techniques that for instance estimate the vessel length, to support vessel classification. Data fusion techniques to combine image based information, detections from coastal radar, and reports from co-operative systems such as (satellite) AIS. Persistent tracking techniques that go beyond kinematic tracking, and include environmental information from navigation charts, and if available, ELINT reports. And finally rule-based and statistical solutions for the behavioural analysis of anomalous vessels. With that, trends and future work will be presented.
State Blue Border and Maritime Areas Surveillance (Tasks and Cooperation between the Border Guard and Maritime Administration)
LCMDR Bartosz Rutkiewicz, Polish Border Guard Maritime Unit, Poland
Wojciech Palka, Maritime Office in Gdynia, Poland
Law enforcement tasks of the Border Guard in the Polish sea areas include the state blue border and the Polish sea areas surveillance.
The tasks are carried out by the Border Guard’s seagoing vessels, aircraft and radar – optoelectronics equipment.
The Border Guard cooperates with the maritime administration. Commander of the Border Guard vessel is authorized by law to perform chosen maritime administration inspection duties on behalf of the local maritime administration.
One of the tools supporting the Border Guard’s surveillance efforts is the Automated Radar Surveillance System (ARSS). The ARSS uses both stationary and mobile radar and optoelectronics devices enabling constant sea border, territorial sea and internal waters surveillance.
The legal agreement on ARSS, signed by the Ministers of Interior, Transport and Defense, defined the integrated character of the system. The complex situational picture developed by the ARSS integrates information incoming from external systems such as VTS, VTMS, AIS and VMS. The final end-user of this picture is not only the Border Guard but also other authorities – the maritime administration, fishery administration and the Navy. In the future also the Customs administration, SAR service and other Baltic Sea region law enforcement agencies.
Second part of the article refers to Polish maritime administration’s tasks related to maritime safety and describes initiatives of Maritime Office in Gdynia towards modernization of IT infrastructure for vessel traffic monitoring and environment protection. The article presents key features of the project named “National System for Maritime Safety” which is currently being implemented along the Polish coast and is a set of “sub-projects” focusing on: VTS systems, SAR operational communication, radio navigation systems, environment surveillance and IT platform for data collection and exchange of information with cooperating authorities and services. Finally, there are some areas shown where maritime administration and the Border Guard join their efforts in order to create up-to-date tools for maritime surveillance in efficient way.
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