Unmanned Aerial Vehicles/ Systems
Tuesday 20th May 2014, 1400hrs–1530hrs
Chaired by Fleet Admiral (ret) Xavier Rolin
Maritime Surveillance Application of Small Rotary- and Fixed-Wing Unmanned Air Systems – A Systems Engineering Approach
Mr. Thomas Spangler, Osprey View LLC, United States
With the advancement of miniaturized technology, small Unmanned Air Systems (sUAS) now have significant capabilities for littoral, coastal, and land surveillance operations. The engineering team at Osprey View (OV) began the surveillance project with a detailed assessment of existing sUAS available worldwide having (1) less than a six foot wing-span, (2) a maximum of seven hours of flight endurance, and (3) the ability to carry electro-optic, full motion video, infrared, and special sensors. Following, systems engineering trade studies were performed to select specific types of airframes and manufacturers of thse flight systems. Osprey grounded the project with systems engineering best practices through development of a guiding lifecycle requirements document, covering the air, ground system, and user segments, to be utilized with its Systems Engineering Management Plan to enable integration of a complex surveillance system. To date, Osprey and its partners have conducted proof-of-concept flight tests with multiple sUAS platforms in both maritime and land applications. These applications include river tidal assessments, illicit boat spotting, wildlife counter-poaching support, and floating ice identification in the polar region. These mission applications represent a significant cross-section of areas where sUAS can provide an affordable surveillance capability and enable new tactics and techniques for maritime and land security operations. This paper will provide an overview of the systems engineering analysis performed by Osprey View, results of field testing in the maritime and land environments, a discussion on the concept of operations to deploy sUAS for security support, and business models associated with sUAS operations.
MQ-4C Triton Maritime Security
Dr gregory miller, Northrop Grumman, United States
Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA) is a topic whose application is timeless. The primary lifeline of ancient civilizations depended heavily on their seagoing vessels. Today, with nearly 90% of the world’s commerce traveling by sea, the story is much the same. While the term globalization is used in many contexts, at its core is the fundamental requirement for maritime domain awareness to ensure the security and viability of international trade and global prosperity.
Maritime Domain Awareness requires constant vigilance of critical sea lanes of communication used for global commerce. Modern technology has progressed to the state where this is now possible without requiring the inefficient use of manned aircraft. Hi-tech Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) are now being developed that can be remotely piloted from anywhere in the world while flying high above commercial air traffic for over a day at a time. Such a persistent maritime patrol aircraft is now under contract for the United States Navy. Built by Northrop Grumman, the Navy’s MQ-4C Triton is a maritime derivative of the combat proven RQ-4 Global Hawk and provides the U.S. Navy with an advanced autonomous air vehicle and state of the art service-oriented architecture mission control system.
The MQ-4C Triton Unmanned Aircraft System, formerly known as BAMS for Broad Area Maritime Surveillance, offers the next generation of persistent maritime surveillance and reconnaissance coverage of wide oceanographic and littoral areas. The MQ-4C is designed after the Q-4 Enterprise of air vehicles, which are in production and combat proven, providing a cost-effective system with the greatest maritime domain awareness capability at the lowest risk.
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Maritime Human Factors Research Scientist, DSTO
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